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Rome & Vatican City, Italy

Rome
Name
Rome, The Eternal City
The capital of Italy and the Catholic Church, its buildings span centuries of history and it is richer in masterpieces than any other city in the world

Name
The Colosseum - Inaugurated by Titus in 80 AD, it was the arena for games and galdiators. - Long after it ceased to be an arena, the Colosseum was damaged by an earthquake. Centuries later its rich marble facing was stripped away to build palaces and churches. A third of the original structure is all that remains today

Name
Seating nearly 60,000 spectators, the canopied Colosseum could be flooded and realistic naval battles were staged. - At its peak, exotic animals were used to satisfy jaded tastes (lion vs. bear, two humans vs. hippopotamus, or whatever). Many historians now believe that the legend that Christians were fed to the lions is unfounded

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Fontana di Trevi, 1762
Neptunus Rex standing on a shell chariot drawn by winged steeds and probably the most famous fountain in Rome

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This little piazza was nearly always deserted before the movie Three Coins in the Fountain

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The Spanish Steps
Its 137 steps link the Trinita dei Monti Church with the Baraccia Fountain below

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The Forum
When it came to cremating Caesar, purchasing a harlot, sacrificing a naked victim, or just discussing the day's business, the Forum was the place to go

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At night vestal virgins guarded the temple's sacred fire. Failure to keep the fire burning and their own passions under control sent them to an early grave - alive!

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The Catacombs

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Arch of Constantine - Built circa 315 AD

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Il Vittoriano - This monument to Victor Emanuel was is constructed of all white marble and took 26 years to build

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Castel San Angelo on the Tiber River

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The Tiber River separates the City of Rome from The Vatican
 
Vatican City
Name
This tiny soverign state is governed by the Pope and protected by a small army of Swiss Guards. It contains the residence of the Pope, the worlds largest church and the most famous square and has its own post office and stamps

Name
St. Peter's Basilica
The largest Catholic church ever built, it was consecrated in 1626 after many years of construction under various architects. - The dome of the Basilica is an architectural masterpiece of Michelangelo. It was started when he was 71 and finished by Della Poria

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St. Peter's Square is surrounded by 284 doric columns designed by Bernini

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There are 142 statues of Saints on top of these mamonth columned structures

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The Basilica

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The tomb of St. Peter lies under the main alter and the Cathedral's dome rises above it

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The Swiss Guard
 
Google Map Rome, Italy
 
Google Map Vatican City

 

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